Mario Pianta is Professor of Economic Policy at the University of Urbino and has been a member (2011-2014) of the Centro Linceo Interdisciplinare of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Italy’s Academy of Sciences, working on a project on ‘Evolution and economic change’. He has also been Braudel fellow at the European University Institute; visiting fellow at the London School of Economics; visiting fellow at the Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. He has worked on economic growth, inequality, innovation, industrial policy and economic policy alternatives for Europe. He has published extensively in international journals; his latest book (with Maurizio Franzini) is Explaining inequality (Routledge, 2015). He is among the founders of the Italian civil society campaign ‘Sbilanciamoci!’ (‘Off-balance’), producing reports on economic alternatives and the webmagazine www.sbilanciamoci.info.